Materials Science

Colorimetry of Color-Changeable Materials
Michal Vik, PhD
Aravin Prince Periyasamy
Editor: Martina Viková, PhD

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Colorimetry of Color-Changeable Materials

Premarketing
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This new book, Colorimetry of Color-Changeable Materials, reflects the state of art in the science of color changeable materials. The book describes the facts behind the chromic phenomena and provides an abundance of in-depth knowledge about the field of colorimetry. Detailed descriptions of measurement methods that usable in cases of translucent or opaque materials are provided as well.

This unique book begins with a short historical overview of the chromic phenomena, color changing materials, and classification of chromic materials. It also provides comprehensive treatises of color changeable textiles and production techniques.

An enormous number of new concepts are discussed along with standardized CIE (International Commission on Illumination) colorimetry with various CIE color space systems. Color changeable materials appear as a dynamic system, which allows a wide range of potential applications and related research. The volume looks at the validation and standardization of the measurement method of color changeable materials that is its infancy as compared to other analytical methods, and covers in detail the fundamentals of spectrophotometry, colorimetry, the Kubelka-Munk function, and kinetic and fatigue measurements.

The authors conclude with a focus on current industrial applications and future outlooks for these color changeable materials. Such materials are measured as a system, which is transparent for light by using of analytical type of spectrophotometers.

The book will be highly useful to researchers and academician alike as well as to industry professionals. It will also be a fascinating read for those with varied interests in color changeable materials and kinetic measurement.

Key features
• Provides an overview of the chromic phenomena, color changing materials, and classification of chromic materials
• Presents color changeable textiles and production techniques
• Explores current industrial applications and future outlooks for these color changeable materials
• Focuses on quality assurance in dynamic color measurements
• Outlines concepts for establishing standards in this field together with analysis of theoretical aspects






CONTENTS:
Tentative Contents

Preface
1. Basic Terms
1.1 Light
1.2 Blackbody Radiation
1.3 Interaction of Light with Matter
1.4 Lambert-Beer Law
1.5 Photometry
1.6 Color
1.7 Human Color Vision
2. Type of Color Changeable Materials
2.1. Materials with Photochromic Colorants
2.2. Materials with Thermochromic Colorants
2.3. Materials with Chemochromic Colorants
2.4. Hygrochromic Materials
2.5. Materials with Electrochromic Colorants
2.6. Materials with Luminescent Colorants
3. Application of Color Changeable Materials
3.1. Screen-Printing
3.2. Digital Printing
3.3. Dyeing and Coloration of Fibers and Textiles
3.4. Sol-Gel Coating Method
3.5. Nonwoven Production
3.6. Electrospinning
4. CIE Colorimetry
4.1. Light Sources
4.2. CIE Standard Observer
4.3. CIE XYZ
4.4. CIE LAB
4.5. CIE CAM
4.6. Color Difference Measurement
4.7. CIE Colorimetry 2006
5. Instrumentation
5.1. Geometric Conditions for Colorimetry
5.2. Colorimeter
5.3. Spectrophotometer
5.4. Systems of Image Analysis
5.5. Special Devices
5.6. Excitation Light Sources
6. Spectrophotometry of Color Change
6.1 Specification of Device for Color Change Measurement
6.1.1 Measurement of Transparent Media
6.1.2 Measurement of Translucent Media
6.2 Optical Models of Translucent Media
6.2.1 Kubelka-Munk Theory
6.2.2 Theory of Radiative Transfer
6.3 Shade Intensity
6.4 Spectral Data of Color Changeable Materials
6.5 Determination of Absorption and Scattering Coefficients
6.6 Measurement of Photochromic Materials
6.7 Measurement of Thermal Sensitivity of Color Changeable Materials
6.8 Measurement of Chemochromic Materials
6.9 Measurement of Other Color Changeable Materials
7. Testing of Color Changeable Materials
7.1. Light Fastness
7.2. Testing of Fatigue Resistance
7.3. Other Set of Fastness
Apendices


About the Authors / Editors:
Michal Vik, PhD
Associate Professor, Department of Material Science, Technical University of Liberec, Czech Republic

Michal Vik, PhD, is an Associate Professor in the Department of Material Science at the Technical University of Liberec, Czech Republic, and research consultant for the Centre for the Development of Engineering Research VÚTS, a.s. His scientific activities are in the areas of color science (color and appearance measurement, color difference formula development, quality control, development and design of instruments), textile material science (smart materials, advanced microscopy), and textile finishing (surface modification: plasma, photo-polymerization). Dr. Vik is a member of the Optical Society of America and has held positions with the Czech Society of Textile Chemist and Colorists and the ČNK CIE (Czech National Committee) (a national society of the International Commission on Illumination-CIE). He is a member of Division 1 of the International Commission on Illumination (CIE) and member of CIE Technical Committees (TC1-55, TC1-63, TC1-72, TC1-95, TC2-61). He is an expert member of the European Technology Platform-Textile. Currently, he is head of the Colorimetry Group of the Czech Republic and Laboratory Color and Appearance Measurement of the Department of Material Engineering Technical University of Liberec. He is author or co-author of six books, about 20 scientific papers published in journals, more than 150 scientific contributions on the international conferences, and five patents.

Aravin Prince Periyasamy
Technical University of Liberec, Czech Republic

Aravin Prince Periyasamy is in the PhD degree at the Technical University of Liberec, Czech Republic, under the supervision of Dr. Martina Vikova and Dr. Michal Vik, on investigating the issues of kinetic measurement of photochromic textiles. His research interests include the color chemistry; fiber production; kinetic measurement of photochromism and theoretical simulations of photochromic processes; production of photochromic materials with various techniques, namely mass coloration, screen-printing, and digital printing; and electro spinning. He is the author of three books and many articles, some of which were published in peer-reviewed articles journals. He has also presented several at professional conferences. He holds BTech and MTech degrees in textile engineering from the Anna University, Chennai, India.

Editor: Martina Viková, PhD
Associate Professor, Material Science, Department of Material Engineering, Technical University of Liberec, Czech Republic

Martina Viková, PhD, is an Associate Professor of Material Science, Department of Material Engineering, Technical University of Liberec, Czech Republic. Her research interests include color chemistry, application of photochromic and thermochromic systems, synthesis of novel coloring matters, and dyeing of textiles. She has been the head of research group IA3 of the project OP VaVpI “Innovative Products and Environmental Technologies”. She is currently vice-head of the Colorimetry Group of the Czech Republic and Laboratory Color and Appearance Measurement of the Department of Material Engineering Technical University of Liberec. She is author or co-author of three books, about 15 scientific papers published in journals, more than 80 scientific contributions at the international conferences, and five patents. She graduated with an MSc degree in textile engineering from the Technical University of Liberec and a PhD from Herriot-Watt University, School of Textile and Design, United Kingdom.




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