Urban Planning

Urban Land Use
Community-Based Planning

Editor: Kim Etingoff

Urban Land Use

Published
Pub Date: December 2016
Hardback Price: $149.95 US
Hard ISBN: 9781771884853
E-Book ISBN: 978-1-315-36579-4
Pages: 328 pages w index
Binding Type: hardback
Notes: 10 b/w and 53 color illustrations

This title includes a number of Open Access chapters.



This compendium volume, Urban Land Use: Community-Based Planning, covers a range of land use planning and community engagement issues. Part I explores the connections between land use decisions and consequences for urban residents, particularly in the areas of health and health equity. The chapters in Part II provide a closer look at community land use planning practice in several case studies. Part III offers several practical and innovative tools for integrating community decisions into land use planning.

Land use decisions are often an invisible part of urban communities across the globe. However, their effects are anything but invisible. Urban land use patterns directly impact residents and do so unequally across segments of the population based on income and race. Fortunately, land use planners are increasingly recognizing the need for meaningful and skillful community engagement strategies in order to rectify the consequences of historical land use decisions, and to build healthier, stronger future communities through responsive land use planning.

The editor carefully selected each chapter individually to provide a nuanced look at community-based urban land use planning. The chapters included cover a wide variety of issues, including
  • the relationship between land use decisions, resulting environmental conditions, and unequal health consequences for residents
  • the substantial co-benefits of land designed for physical activity, including physical and mental health, social benefits, safety, sustainability, and economics
  • urban health equity indicators to identify problems with the built environment and move cities toward better management of resources to create healthy communities
  • how new media forms allow citizens to engage with and affect the built form of their communities.
  • ways in which community organizations in low-income neighborhoods can be effective in working with city planning services that have few resources
  • a GIS-based collaborative decision tool to make land use decisions regarding vacant land redevelopment
  • interactive community planning that incorporates multiple stakeholders with the goal of economically stimulating, conserving ecosystems, and meeting social needs
  • community land trusts as a way to democratically determine land use
Taken as a whole, these chapters are a basis for furthering effective community input processes in urban planning. Together, planners and community members can make cities work better for all residents.

CONTENTS:
Introduction

Part I: Why Is Community-Based Planning Important?
1. The Collapse of Place: Derelict Land, Deprivation, and Health Inequality in Glasgow, Scotland
Juliana A. Maantay
2. Co-benefits of Designing Communities for Active Living: An Exploration of Literature
James F. Sallis, Chad Spoon, Nick Cavill, Jessa K. Engelberg, Klaus Gebel, Mike Parker, Christina M. Thornton, Debbie Lou, Amanda L. Wilson, Carmen L. Cutter, and Ding Ding
3. Why We Need Urban Health Equity Indicators: Integrating Science, Policy, and Community
Jason Corburn and Alison K. Cohen

Part II: Citizen Engagement in Land-Use Decisions
4. Owning the City: New Media and Citizen Engagement in Urban Design
Michiel de Lange and Martijn de Waal
5. Urban Ecological Stewardship: Understanding the Structure, Function and Network of Community-based Urban Land Management
Erika Svendsen and Lindsay K. Campbell
6. Planning Office and Community Influence on Land-Use Decisions Intended to Benefit the Low-Income: Welcome to Chicago
Yan Dominic Searcy

Part III: Tools for Community-Based Urban Planning
7. A Structured Decision Approach for Integrating and Analyzing Community Perspectives in Re-Use Planning of Vacant Properties in Cleveland, Ohio
Scott Jacobs, Brian Dyson, William D. Shuster, and Tom Stockton
8. Development of Future Land Cover Change Scenarios in the Metropolitan Fringe, Oregon, U.S., with Stakeholder Involvement
Robert W. Hoyer and Heejun Chang

9. The Use of Visual Decision Support Tools in an Interactive Stakeholder Analysis—Old Ports as New Magnets for Creative Urban Development
Karima Kourtit and Peter Nijkamp
10. Between Boundaries: From Commoning and Guerrilla Gardening to Community Land Trust Development in Liverpool
Matthew Thompson
11. The Sustainable and Healthy Communities Research Program: The Environmental Protection Agency’s Research Approach to Assisting Community Decision-Making
Kevin Summers , Melissa McCullough, Elizabeth Smith, Maureen Gwinn, Fran Kremer, Mya Sjogren, Andrew Geller, and Michael Slimak
Index


About the Authors / Editors:
Editor: Kim Etingoff
Tufts University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA

Kim Etingoff has a Tufts University’s terminal master’s degree in Urban and Environmental Policy and Planning. Her recent experience includes researching with Initiative for a Competitive Inner City a report on food resiliency within the city of Boston. She worked in partnership with Dudley Street Neighborhood Initiative and Alternatives for Community and Environment to support a community food-planning process based in a Boston neighborhood, which was oriented toward creating a vehicle for community action around urban food issues, providing extensive background research to ground the resident-led planning process. She has worked in the Boston Mayor’s Office of New Urban Mechanics, and has also coordinated and developed programs in urban agriculture and nutrition education. In addition, she has many years of experience researching, writing, and editing educational and academic books on environmental and food issues.




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