Engineering

Transportation and the Environment
Assessments and Sustainability

Editor: Gabriela Ionescu, PhD

Transportation and the Environment

Published. Now available.
Pub Date: July 2016
Hardback Price: $149.95 US
Hard ISBN: 9781771884662
E-Book ISBN: 9781771884679
Pages: 320pp w index
Binding Type: hardback
Notes: 14 color and 51 b/w illustrations

This title includes a number of Open Access chapters.



This book takes a nuanced look at building a sustainable transportation infrastructure and provides an overview of the harmful effect of various modes of transportation on the environment.

The environmental impact of transportation is significant. Transportation is a major user of energy, and it burns most of the world's petroleum and is the fastest-growing contributor to carbon dioxide emissions. Although environmental regulations in many countries have reduced the individual vehicle's emissions, this has been offset by an increase in the number of vehicles on the road and airways. Methods to reduce the carbon emissions of vehicles need intensive ongoing research. New means of transportation must be developed alongside greater energy efficiency. By globally reducing transportation emissions, Earth's air quality will be improved; acid rain and smog will be reduced; and climate change effects will be reduced. The research collected here in this book is of vital importance for today and for tomorrow. It forms the foundation for a new approach to transportation.

Covering roadways, urban transportation, aviation, and fossil fuel alternatives, Transportation and the Environment: Assessments and Sustainability
  • considers the environmental impact of highway traffic and looks at road design infrastructure
  • examines the management of pavement network roughness to reduce greenhouse gas emissions
  • presents life-cycle impact assessments of the new bus rapid transit and light rail lines
  • looks at the assessed environmental impacts of transportation projects in the planning stages
  • examines ground transportation in urban settings, looking at travel time, vehicle fuel, and pavement maintenance costs
  • explores sustainable development and airport surface access
  • discusses different types of pure biodiesel fuel and the environmental impact of each
  • looks at the electric car as a suitable instrument toward sustainable transportation
  • examines non-edible oilseeds as an alternative to fossil fuels, with the added benefits of increasing national energy security, reducing environmental impact, and fostering rural economic growth


Edited by an expert in energy efficiency and conservation, this compendium volume will be valuable for transportation engineers, civil engineers, public policy professionals, energy researchers, and many others.

CONTENTS:
Introduction

Part I: Roadways
1. Some Considerations on the Environmental Impact of Highway Traffic
Constantin-Cristian Stroe, Valeriu Nicolae Panaitescu, Marco Ragazzi, Elena Cristina Rada, and Gabriela Ionescu
2. Design of Local Roadway Infrastructure to Service Sustainable Energy Facilities
Karim A. AbdelWarith, Panagiotis Ch. Anastasopoulos, Wayne Richardson, Jon D. Fricker, and John E. Haddock
3. Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions Through Strategic Management of Highway Pavement Roughness
Ting Wang, John Harvey, and Alissa Kendall

Part II: Urban Transportation
4. Infrastructure and Automobile Shifts: Positioning Transit to Reduce Life-Cycle Environmental Impacts for Urban Sustainability Goals
Mikhail Chester, Stephanie Pincetl, Zoe Elizabeth, William Eisenstein, and Juan Matute
5. The Use of Regional Advance Mitigation Planning (RAMP) to Integrate Transportation Infrastructure Impacts with Sustainability: A Perspective from the USA
James H. Thorne, Patrick R. Huber, Elizabeth O'Donoghue, and Maria J. Santos
6. Quantifying the Total Cost of Infrastructure to Enable Environmentally Preferable Decisions: The Case of Urban Roadway Design
Conrad A. Gosse and Andres F. Clarens

Part III: Aviation
7. Sustainable Development and Airport Surface Access: The Role of Technological Innovation and Behavioral Change
Tim Ryley, Jaafar Elmirghani, Tom Budd, Chikage Miyoshi, Keith Mason, Richard Moxon, Imad Ahmed, Bilal Qazi, and Alberto Zanni

Part IV: Fossil Fuel Alternatives
8. Diesel Internal Combustion Engine Emissions Measurements for Methanol-Based and Ethanol-Based Biodiesel Blends
Charalambos A. Chasos, George N. Karagiorgis, and Chris N. Christodoulou
9. Electric Cars: Technical Characteristics and Environmental Impacts
Eckard Helmers and Patrick Marx
10. Investigated Cold Press Oil Extraction from Non-Edible Oilseeds for Future Bio-Jet Fuels Production
Xianhui Zhao, Lin Wei, James Julson, and Yinbin Huang

Part V: Conclusion
11. An Innovative Path to Sustainable Transportation
Daniel Sperling
Index


About the Authors / Editors:
Editor: Gabriela Ionescu, PhD
Department of Energy Production and Use, University Politehnica of Bucharest, Romania; Collaborator of the Department of Civil, Environmental and Mechanical Engineering, University of Trento, Italy

Dr. Gabriela Ionescu obtained her PhD in Power Engineering from Politehnica University of Bucharest and in Environmental Engineering from University of Trento. She is currently a member of the Department of Energy Production and Use at the Politehnica University of Bucharest and collaborator of the Department of Civil, Environmental and Mechanical Engineering at the University of Trento, Italy. She has done prolific research and has been published multiple times in areas related to energy efficiency, waste and wastewater management, energy conservation, life-cycle assessment, environmental analysis, and sustainability feasibility studies.




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