Prenatal and Childhood Nutrition
Evaluating the Neurocognitive Connections

Editor: Cindy Croft

Prenatal and Childhood Nutrition

Published. Available now.
Pub Date: January 2015
Hardback Price: $159.95 US
Hard ISBN: 9781771880947
E-Book ISBN: 9781498714365
Pages: 448pp with index
Binding Type: hardbound

“A very interesting text reviewing the influence of nutrition on the CNS system. It is divided into 3 parts: 1. Nutrition and neurocognitive development (7 chapters) incl. one on nutrition and brain development in early life
2. Nutrition in children with special needs (4 chapters) incl. one on children with autism
3. Nutritional interventions for improved cognitive function (4 chapters) incl. one on the effects of breakfast
For pediatricians, nutritionists and pediatric neurologists.”
Pediatric Endrocrinology Reviews (PER), Vol. 14, No. 3, March 2017

This title includes a number of Open Access chapters.

Nutrition is not only a basic need that all humans have to sustain life but it is also critical to successful early development. This research compendium lends deeper insights into the links between nutrition and healthy brain function—and from the reverse perspective, between nutrition and neurocognitive disorders. The research is organized under the following topics:
  • Nutrition and neurocognitive development
  • Nutrition and children with special needs, including specific correlations to ADHD, autism, and psychiatric disorders
  • Nutritional interventions for improved cognitive function, including how breakfast and specific dietary supplements impact learning
This well-organized and accessible compendium, edited by an experienced educator, offers a vital research context for policymakers, educators, medical providers, and families. It underlines our urgent responsibility to give children a strong start by improving prenatal and early childhood nutrition.

Practitioners and policymakers need research-based approaches in order to provide successful interventions for young children, both in prevention and ongoing services for children with disabilities.

Part I: Nutrition and Neurocognitive Development
1. Nutritional Influences on Human Neurocognitive Functioning
Michael A. Smith and Andrew B. Scholey
2. Dietary Patterns in Pregnancy and Effects on Nutrient Intake in the Mid-South: The Conditions Affecting Neurocognitive Development and Learning in Early Childhood (CANDLE) Study
Eszter Völgyi, Kecia N. Carroll, Marion E. Hare, Karen Ringwald-Smith, Chandrika Piyathilake, Wonsuk Yoo, and Frances A. Tylavsky
3. The Role of Nutrition in Children's Neurocognitive Development, From Pregnancy Through Childhood
Anett Nyaradi, Jianghong Li, Siobhan Hickling, Jonathan Foster, and Wendy H. Oddy
4. Nutrition and Brain Development in Early Life
Elizabeth L. Prado and Kathryn G. Dewey
5. Genomic and Epigenomic Insights into Nutrition and Brain Disorders
Margaret Joy Dauncey
6. Nutrition as an Important Mediator of the Impact of Background Variables on Outcome in Middle Childhood
Patricia Kitsao-Wekulo, Penny Holding, H. Gerry Taylor, Amina Abubakar, Jane Kvalsvig, and Kevin Connolly
7. Mild Iodine Deficiency During Pregnancy is Associated with Reduced Educational Outcomes in the Offspring: 9-Year Follow-up of the Gestational Iodine Cohort
Kristen L. Hynes, Petr Otahal, Ian Hay, and John R. Burgess

Part II: Nutrition and Children with Special Needs
8. Dietary Patterns in Children with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Hae Dong Woo, Dong Woo Kim, Young-Seoub Hong, Yu-Mi Kim, Ju-Hee Seo, Byeong Moo Choe, Jae Hong Park, Je-Wook Kang, Jae-Ho Yoo, Hee Won Chueh, Jung Hyun Lee, Min Jung Kwak, and Jeongseon Kim
9. Dietary Intake and Plasma Levels of Choline and Betaine in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders
Joanna C. Hamlin, Margaret Pauly, Stepan Melnyk, Oleksandra Pavliv, William Starrett, Tina A. Crook, and S. Jill James
10. Association Between Psychiatric Disorders and Iron Deficiency Anemia Among Children And Adolescents: A Nationwide Population-Based Study
Mu-Hong Chen, Tung-Ping Su, Ying-Sheue Chen, Ju-Wei Hsu, Kai-Lin Huang, Wen-Han Chang, Tzeng-Ji Chen, and Ya-Mei Bai
11. Vitamin D Deficiency and Psychotic Features in Mentally Ill Adolescents: A Cross-Sectional Study
Barbara L. Gracious, Teresa L. Finucane, Meriel Friedman-Campbell, Susan Messing, and Melissa N. Parkhurst

Part III: Nutritional Interventions for Improved Cognitive Function
12. The Effects of Breakfast on Behavior and Academic Performance in Children and Adolescents
Katie Adolphus, Clare L. Lawton, and Louise Dye
13. Dietary Levels of Pure Flavonoids Improve Spatial Memory Performance and Increase Hippocampal Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor
Catarina Rendeiro, David Vauzour, Marcus Rattray, Pierre Waffo-Téguo, Jean Michel Mérillon, Laurie T. Butler, Claire M. Williams, and Jeremy P. E. Spencer
14. Camel Milk as a Potential Therapy as an Antioxidant in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
Laila Y. AL-Ayadhi and Nadra Elyass Elamin
15. Issues in the Timing of Integrated Early Interventions: Contributions from Nutrition, Neuroscience, and Psychological Research
Theodore D. Wachs, Michael Georgieff, Sarah Cusick, and Bruce S. McEwen

About the Authors / Editors:
Editor: Cindy Croft

Cindy Croft, MA in Education, is Director of the Center for Inclusive Child Care, Concordia University, St. Paul, Minnesota. She teaches for the Center for Early Education and Development at the University of Minnesota and in the early childhood program at Concordia University. She has authored two books, The Six Keys: Promoting Children’s Mental Health and Children and Challenging Behavior: Making Inclusion Work, and she provides training and consultation to educators of children with various disabilities She is a member of the National Association for the Education of Young Children, Early Childhood and School-Age Trainers Association, the Minnesota Association for Children's Mental Health, and the Minnesota Association for Infant and Early Childhood Mental Health Division.

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