Environmental Health

Pollution and the Atmosphere
Designs for Reduced Emissions

Editor: Marco Ragazzi, PhD

Pollution and the Atmosphere

Published
Pub Date: January 2017
Hardback Price: $149.95 US
Hard ISBN: 9781771885133
E-Book ISBN: 978-1-315-36563-3
Pages: 320pP w/ Index
Binding Type: hardback

This title includes a number of Open Access chapters.



This new compendium volume examines the significant impact of air quality on human health. Assessing air pollution in complex morphologies has become an important issue in order to implement mitigation measures and limit emissions from the most relevant sources, such as waste incineration, traffic emissions, emissions from fuel and electricity production, and household emissions. These pollutants result in adverse health effects, material damage, damage to ecosystems, and global climate change. The book looks at these issues and is divided into several sections, covering air pollution and where we came from and where we’re headed

• waste incineration and its impact on air quality
• air pollution vehicle and transportation emissions
• emissions from fuel and electricity production

The chapters in Pollution and the Atmosphere: Designs for Reduced Emissions contain recent research looking at the two major components of air pollution: air pollution control and airquality engineering. Air pollution control focuses on the fundamentals of air pollutant formation in process technologies and the identification of options for mitigating or preventing air pollutant emissions. Air quality engineering deals with largescale, multisource control strategies, with focus on the physics and chemistry of pollutant interactions in the atmosphere.

CONTENTS:
Introduction
Part I: Introduction: Where We Came From and Where We’re Headed
1. Emissions, Air Concentrations and Atmospheric Depositions of Arsenic, Cadmium, Lead, and Nickel in Italy in the Last Two Decades: A Review of Recent Trends in Relation to Policy Strategies Adopted Locally, Regionally, and Globally
M. Strincone, A. Fino, G. Cattani, M. Catrambone, and N. Pirrone

Part II: Waste Incineration
2. Role of Feedstock Transport in the Balance of Primary PM Emissions in Two CaseStudies: RMSW Incineration vs. Sintering Plant
Simona Ciuta, Marco Schiavon, Alessandro Chistè, Marco Ragazzi, Elena Cristina Rada, Marco Tubino, Adrian Badea, and Tiberiu Apostol
3. A Critical Analysis of Emissions and Atmospheric Dispersion of Pollutants from Plants for the Treatment of Residual Municipal Solid Waste
Gabriela Ionescu, Dino Zardi, Werner Tirler, Elena Cristina Rada, and Marco Ragazzi

Part III: Vehicle and Transportation Emissions
4. Performance of a Diesel Engine with Blends of Biodiesel (from a Mixture of Oils) and HighSpeed Diesel
Hifjur Raheman, Prakash C. Jena, and Snehal S. Jadav
5. Comparative Analysis of Exhaust Gases from MF285 and U650 Tractors Under Field Conditions
Gholami Rashid, Rabbani Hekmat, Lorestani Ali Nejat, Javadikia Payam, and Jaliliantabar Farzad
6. Respiratory Quotient (Rq), Exhaust Gas Analyses, CO2 Emission and Applications in Automobile Engineering
Kalyan Annamalai

Part IV: Emissions from Fuel and Electricity Production
7. Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Electricity Generation: A Comparative Analysis of Australian Energy Sources
Paul E. Hardisty, Tom S. Clark, and Robert G. Hynes
8. Effects of Energy Production and Consumption on Air Pollution and Global Warming
Nnenesi Kgabi, Charles Grant, Johann Antoine
9. Venting and Leaking of Methane from Shale Gas Development: Response to Cathles et al
Robert W. Howarth, Renee Santoro, and Anthony Ingraffea

Part V: Residential Emissions
10. LifeCycle Greenhouse Gas Inventory Analysis of Household Waste Management and Food Waste Reduction Activities in Kyoto, Japan
Takeshi Matsuda, Junya Yano, Yasuhiro Hirai, and Shinichi Sakai
11. Assessing “Dangerous Climate Change”: Required Reduction of Carbon Emissions to Protect Young People, Future Generations and Nature
James Hansen, Pushker Kharecha, Makiko Sato, Valerie MassonDelmotte, Frank Ackerman, David J. Beerling, Paul J. Hearty, Ove HoeghGuldberg, ShiLing Hsu, Camille Parmesan, Johan Rockstrom, Eelco J. Rohling, Jeffrey Sachs, Pete Smith, Konrad Steffen, Lise Van Susteren, Karina von Schuckmann, and James C. Zacho
Index


About the Authors / Editors:
Editor: Marco Ragazzi, PhD
Associate Professor, Department of Civil, Environmental, and Mechanical Engineering, University of Trento, Italy

Marco Ragazzi has a PhD in sanitary engineering from Milan Polytechnic, Italy. The author or co-author of more than 500 publications, he is currently associate professor at the Department of Civil, Environmental, and Mechanical Engineering in the University of Trento, Italy. Presently he is in charge for the environmental sustainability policies of the University of Trento. His research interests include solid waste and wastewater management, environmental engineering and environmental impact risk assessment.




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