Materials Science

Microscopy Applied to Materials Sciences and Life Sciences
Editors: Ajay Vasudeo Rane
Sabu Thomas, PhD
Nandakumar Kalarikkal, PhD
Krishnan Kanny, PhD

Microscopy Applied to Materials Sciences and Life Sciences

In production
Pub Date: April 2018
Hardback Price: $179.95 US
Hard ISBN: 9781771886727
E-Book ISBN: 9781351251587
Pages: Approx 529p w/Index
Binding Type: hardback
Notes: 16 color and 251 b/w illustrations

This new volume, Microscopy Applied to Materials Sciences and Life Sciences, focuses on recent theoretical and practical advances in polymers and their blends, composites, and nanocomposites related to their microscopic characterization. It highlights recent accomplishments and trends in the field of polymer nanocomposites and filled polymers related to microstructural characterization. This book gives an insight and better understanding into the development in microscopy as a tool for characterization.

The book emphasizes recent research work in the field of microscopy in life sciences and materials sciences mainly related to its synthesis, characterizations, and applications. The book explains the application of microscopic techniques in life sciences and materials sciences, and their applications and state of current research carried out.

The book aims to foster a better understanding of the properties of polymer composites by describing new techniques to measure microstructure property relationships and by utilizing techniques and expertise developed in the conventional filled polymer composites. Characterization techniques, particularly microstructural characterization, have proven to be extremely difficult because of the range of length-scales associated with these materials.

Topics include:
• Instrumentation and Techniques: advances in scanning probe microscopy, SEM, TEM, OM; 3D imaging and tomography; electron diffraction techniques and analytical microscopy; advances in sample preparation techniques in-situ microscopy; correlative microscopy in life and material sciences; low-voltage electron microscopy.

• Life Sciences: structure and imaging of biomolecules, live cell imaging, neurobiology, organelles and cellular dynamics, multi-disciplinary approaches for medical and biological sciences, microscopic application in plants, microorganism and environmental science, super resolution microscopy in biological sciences.

• Materials Sciences: materials for nanotechnology, metals alloys and inter-metallic, ceramics, composites, minerals and microscopy in cultural heritage, thin films, coatings, surfaces and interfaces, carbon based materials, polymers and soft materials and self-assembled materials, semiconductors and magnetic materials. Polymers and inorganic nanoparticles.

The volume will be of significant interest to scientists working on the basic issues surrounding polymers, nanocomposites, and nanoparticulate-filled polymers, as well as those working in industry on applied problems, such as processing. Because of the multidisciplinary nature of this research, the book will be valuable to chemists, materials scientists, physicists, chemical engineers, and processing specialists who are involved and interested in the future frontiers of blends.

CONTENTS:
Preface
PART I: MATERIALS SCIENCES
1. Scanning Electron Microscopy as a Powerful Morphological Characterization Technique for Polymer Blends and Polymer Nanocomposites
Saju Daniel and Sabu Thomas

2. Atomic Force Microscopy: Principles and Applications in Polymer Composites
V. K. Abitha, Ajay Vasudeo Rane, and Sabu Thomas

3. Barium Strontium Titanate: Preparation, Dielectric, Ferroelectric and Microscopic Studies
Anuradha Kumari, Saumya Shalu, and Barnali Dasgupta Ghosh

4. Preparation and Characterization of Copper Thin Films for Antimicrobial Applications
Udaya Bhat K, Arun Augustin, Suma Bhat, and K. R. Udupa

5. Fabrication, Scanning Electron Microscopic and Electrochemical Studies of Nickel Hydroxide Battery Electrodes Modified with Zinc Oxide
B. J. Madhu

6. Comparative Spectroscopic Study of Polyindole/Poly(Vinyl Acetate) Composites
Deepak. J. Bhagat and Gopal. R. Dhokane

7. Welding of Alloy C-276
M. Manikandan, N. Arivazhagan, and M. Nageswara Rao

8. Surface Plasmon Resonance Based Sensors
R. K. Gupta, V. P. Devanarayanan, and V. Manjuladevi

9. Design Issues in High Strain Rate Dynamic Compressive Failure of Structural Ceramics, Polymers and Composites
Saikat Acharya, K. S. Ghosh, D. K. Mondal, and A. K. Mukhopadhyay

10. Applications of Electron Backscatter Diffraction (EBSD) in Materials Science
Ravi Chandra Gundakaram

11. Light Microscopy in Studying of Formation and Decomposition of Wood
Galina F. Antonova and Victoria V. Stasova

12. Microstructural Analysis of Polymer Blends, Composites and Nanocomposites
M. Fathima Rigana, Simi Annie Tharakan, P. Thirukumaran , A. Shakila Parveen, R. Balasubramanian, S. Balaji , C. P. Sakthi Dharan, and M. Sarojadevi

13. Graphene Modified Carbon Micro-Surfaces in Voltammetric Sensing Applications
Gururaj Kudur Jayaprakasha, Bananakere Nanjegowda Chandrashekarb, and Bahaddurghatta Eshwaraswamy Kumara Swamy

PART II: LIFE SCIENCES
14. Functionalized Nanomaterials for Biological and Catalytic Applications
K. Ananda, R. M. Genganb, A. A. Chuturgoon

15. Removal of Organic Cancer Carcinogens from Wastewater Using Green Synthesis Nanoparticles
K. Anand, K. G. Moodley, and A. A. Chuturgoon

16. Assessing Adipose Tissue Engineering In Vitro and In Vivo: A Microscopic Approach
Balu Venugopal, B. F. Francis, Susan Mani, V. S. Harikrishnan, H. K. Varma, and Annie John

17. The Contribution of Light Microscopy to Study Male Reprotoxicity of Cadmium
Maria de Lourdes Pereira, José Coelho, Renata Tavares, Henrique M. A. C. Fonseca, Virgília Silva, Paula P. Gonçalves, and Fernando Garcia e Costa

18. Microscopy Assessment of Emerging Contaminants Effects on Aquatic Species
Ângela Barreto, Ana Violeta Girão, Maria de Lourdes Pereira, Tito Trindade, Amadeu Mortágua Velho da Maia Soares, and Miguel Oliveira

19. Chromium: The Intriguing Element. What Biological Role Has It? (Cr(Iii)-Tris-Picolinate – Is It Safe or Not?)
Teresa Margarida dos Santos, Manuel Ferreira, and Maria de Lourdes Pereira

20. Treatment of Pharmaceutical Wastewater: A Case Study on Degradation in Electrochemical Oxidation
Saptarshi Gupta, Leichombam Menan, and Srimanta Ray

Index


About the Authors / Editors:
Editors: Ajay Vasudeo Rane
Doctoral Research Fellow, Durban University of Technology, Durban, South Africa

Ajay Vasudeo Rane, MTech, is a Doctoral Research Fellow at the Durban University of Technology, Durban, South Africa. He received his MTech in 2014 in green technology from the Institute of Chemical Technology (ICT), Mumbai, India. His specialized areas of interest include polymer blends, fiber-filled polymer composites, particulate-filled polymer composites and their morphological characterization, ageing and degradation, green chemistry, and polymer recycling. He was a visiting faculty member at Government Polytechnic Mumbai, Department of Rubber Technology, India.

Sabu Thomas, PhD
Professor of Polymer Science and Technology and Honorary Director of the Centre for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, India

Sabu Thomas, PhD, is a Professor of Polymer Science and Engineering at the School of Chemical Sciences and Director of the International and Inter University Centre for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology at Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, Kerala, India. The research activities of Professor Thomas include surfaces and interfaces in multiphase polymer blend and composite systems; phase separation in polymer blends; compatibilization of immiscible polymer blends; thermoplastic elastomers; phase transitions in polymers; nanostructured polymer blends; macro-, micro- and nanocomposites; polymer rheology; recycling; reactive extrusion; processing–morphology–property relationships in multiphase polymer systems; double networking of elastomers; natural fibers and green composites; rubber vulcanization; interpenetrating polymer networks; diffusion and transport; and polymer scaffolds for tissue engineering. He has supervised 68 PhD theses, 40 MPhil theses, and 45 Masters thesis. He has three patents to his credit. He also received the coveted Sukumar Maithy Award for the best polymer researcher in the country for the year 2008. Very recently, Professor Thomas received the MRSI and CRSI medals for his excellent work. With over 600 publications to his credit and over 23683 citations, with an h-index of 75, Dr. Thomas has been ranked fifth in India as one of the most productive scientists.

Nandakumar Kalarikkal, PhD
Associate Professor, Head of Advanced Materials Laboratory, School of Pure and Applied Physics, International and Inter University Centre for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kerala, India

Nandakumar Kalarikkal, PhD, is Associate Professor and Head of the Advanced Materials Laboratory, School of Pure and Applied Physics, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, India. He is also the Joint Director of the International and Inter University Centre for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology at the same university. He is a fellow of many professional bodies. He has authored many professional journal articles and has co-edited several books. He is actively involved in research, and his group works on the synthesis, characterization and applications of various nanomaterials, ion irradiation effects on various novel materials, and phase transitions.

Krishnan Kanny, PhD
Professor, Material Science and Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering; Director, Composites Research Group, Durban University of Technology, South Africa

Krishnan Kanny, PhD, is a Professor of Material Science and Engineering in the Department of Mechanical Engineering and Director of the Composites Research Group, Durban University of Technology, South Africa. Professor Kanny is a seasoned engineer and scientist with over twenty years’ experience in management, leadership, and human resources development. He received his PhD in Material Science and Engineering from Tuskegee University, Alabama, USA. He is a member of the Engineering Council of South Africa (ECSA), the South African Institute of Mechanical Engineers (SaiMech.E), and the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) (2002-2003), and the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronomics (AIAA). He is NRF-rated scientist. Dr. Kanny’s professional interests include designing, processing, and testing of composite material systems, reinforced thermoset, and thermoplastic structures; and nano-infused structures for aerospace, naval, and automotive applications. Other areas of interest are failure analysis via computational and analytical modelling, and characterization and morphological analysis using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), and X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS). Professor Kanny has more than 150 international peer-reviewed publications to his name.




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