Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical Engineering for Sustainable Development
State-of-the-Art Research

Editors: C. S. P. Rao, PhD
G. Amba Prasad Rao, PhD
N. Selvaraj, PhD
P. S. C. Bose, PhD
V. P. Chandramohan

Mechanical Engineering for Sustainable Development

In production
Pub Date: July 2018
Hardback Price: $189.95 US
Hard ISBN: 9781771886819
Pages: Approx 398p w/Index
Binding Type: hardback
Notes: 24 color and 373 b/w illustrations

Mechanical Engineering for Sustainable Development: State-of-the-Art Research provides some valuable insight into diverse topics related to mechanical engineering and the state-of-the-art work on sustainable development being carried out throughout the world by budding researchers and scientists.

The volume is divided into three sections, covering Machine Design, Materials and Manufacturing, and Thermal Engineering. The work presented is both experimental and numerical (computational/simulation) in nature.

The section on machine design introduces a number of innovative research works of relevance to such varied fields as automative, agriculture, and human anatomy. The second section looks at new research in materials and manufacturing technology, which is growing at a fast pace with advances in nanomaterials, composite materials, and functional graded materials, in addition to the developments in the use of optimization tools in cutting and forming processes. The volume addresses materials characterization, an important tool in assessing proper materials for application-oriented jobs, and unconventional machining processes, such as EDM, which are emerging beside friction stir welding and forming processes, important in design engineering for new products and tools.

The section on thermal engineering broadly covers the use of viable alternate fuels, such as HHO, biodiesel, etc., with the objective of reducing the burden on petroleum reserves and the environment. Topics include making use of a split injection strategy with the aim to mitigate harmful emissions from existing engines with conventional fuels, sustained supersonic combustion, and Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI).

This volume presents an interdisciplinary selection of research on innovative new technologies with a sustainable focus and will be of interest to those involved in many areas of mechanical engineering.


1. Prototype of a Collapsible Trolley: A New Design Methodology
S. R. Kulkarni, T. S. Vandali, and S. A. Goudadi

2. Experimental Evaluation of a Magneto Rheological Brake for Automative Applications
Akshay M. Dashwant and Satyajit R. Patil

3. Simulation for Estimation of Magnetorheological Brake Torque Based on Fuzzy Logic Singular Value Decomposition Using MATLAB
Romit M. Kamble, Satyajit R. Patil, and Suresh M. Sawant

4. Experimental Mathematical Model for Diagnosis of Vibrations Generated in Defective Rolling Element Bearings
Asmita R. Mali, R. G. Desavale, and V. G. Salunkhe

5. Frequency Responses of Automobile Suspension Systems
A. Bala Raju and R. V. Chalam

6. Numerical Investigation on Human Knee Joint for Verifying Intactness of Anterior Cruciate Ligament
Bharath K. Bhat, Raviraja Adhikari, and Kiran Kumar V. Acharya

7. Investigation of Humanoid Movement Using a Classical Approach
Priyadarshi Biplab Kumar, Animesh Chhotray, Krishna Kant Pandey, and Dayal R. Parhi

8. Topology Optimization of a Spur Gear
Arun J. Kulangara, P. Subhash Chandra Bose, and C. S. P. Rao

9. Dynamics and Structural Analysis of a Re-Entry Module for a Sample Return Mission to 2010 TK7
Athota Rathan Babu, Neville Anton George, V. Harsha Vardhan Reddy, and D. Govardhan

10. Development of a Multipurpose Agro-Cycle for the Ploughing and Sowing Process
Asmita R. Mali, Sardar V. Paymal, and Akshay D. Patil

11. Design and Analysis of Various Homogeneous Interconnected Scaffold Structures for Trabecular Bone
V. Phanindra Bogu, M. N. Madhu, Y. Ravi Kumar, and K. Asit Kumar

12. TG-DTA Analysis of a Binary Metal Catalyst for Multi-Wall Carbon Nanotubes Synthesis
V. J. Pillewan, D. N. Raut, K. N. Patil, and D. K. Shinde

13. Characterization of Fe-Co-Ni Ternary Metal Catalyst for High-Yield Multi-Wall Carbon Nanotubes
Vilas G. Dhore, W. S. Rathod, and K. N. Patil

14. Effect of Preheating Temperatures on Impact Properties of Chromoly Alloy Steel 4130 Weld Using Gas Metal Arc Welding
V. Manivel Muralidaran, N. Sudhan Rajkumar, A. S. Sidhaarth K., Sasi Raju, and S. Ramesh

15. Effect of Mould Vibrations on Mechanical and Metallurgical Properties of Aluminum 356 Casting
Nagaraju Tenali, B. Karuna Kumar, and K. Ch. Kishor Kumar

16. Deformation and Fracture Behavior and Their Implication to the Design of a Forged Aluminum Alloy Aa2219 In T652 Condition
D. V . Madhuri, Kranthi Kumar Guduru, Santhosha Kumari, and P. Varalaxmi

17. Experimental Investigation on Re-Cast Layer Thickness and Micro-Hardness of WEDMed Surfaces of Nimonic-263
M. Sreenivasa Rao and N. Venkaiah

18. Sampling Strategy of Freeform Surface Evaluation Using a Coordinate Measuring Machine
Goitom Tesfaye and Rega Rajendra

19. Influence of SIC and B4C Particles on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Copper Surface Composites Fabricated by Friction Stir Processing
N. Rama Krishna, L. Suvarna Raju, G. Mallaiah, and A. Kumar

20. Studies on the Properties of Clay-Reinforced Epoxy/Polyester Composite
K. V. P. Chakradhar

21. Evaluation of Mechanical Behavior of Glass Particulate-Containing Al6061 Alloy Composites
Y. C. Madhukumar and Umashankar

22. Micro Energy Harvesting from Piezoelectric Disc-Inserted Composites
Chelimilla Nikesh, Suryawanshi Nikhil Ramkrishna, and Srikanth Korla

23. Preparation and Electric Discharge Machining of Ceramic Particulate Reinforced Aluminum Matrix Composite
Anil Kumar Bodukuri, K. Eswaraiah, Katla Rajendar, and V. Sampath

24. Erosive Behavior of Alumina Filled Zinc Aluminum Alloy Metal Matrix
T. G. Mamatha, B. P. Harsha, and Amar Patnaik

25. Effect of Heat Treatment on Mechanical and Wear Properties of Aluminum-Red Mud-Tungsten Carbide Metal Matrix Hybid Composites
Chinta Neelima Devi, N. Selvaraj, and V. Mahesh

26. Prediction of Porous Defects of Resistant Spot Welding Using an Artificial Neural Network
Anil Kumar Birru, Bhawani Singh Bhati, and Gangadhar Ruttala

27. Hybrid Approach by Using Taguchi: Artificial Neural Networks to Enhance the Macro Hardness of Mild Steel Plates with Arc Welding Process
Anil Kumar Birru, Sunil Prajapati, and Abhitesh Mishra

28. Effect of Grain Size on Hardness of IS2062 MIG Weldment Before and After a Heat Treatment Process
M. Bala Chennaiah, P. Nanda Kumar, and K. Prahlada Rao

29. Optimization of Cutting Parameters in Turning of Maraging Steel
K. Aravind Sankeerth, K. Venkatasubbaiah, G. Venkateswara Rao, and Ajay Kumar Singh

30. Optimization of PM-EDM Parameters Using Taguchi and Grey Relational Analysis (GRA) Based on MRR and SR
B. S. V Ramarao and P. Sailesh

31. Statistical Analysis of Tensile and Micro Hardness Properties of Friction Stir Welded AA6061/10 Vol % SIC Composite
P. Manoj Kumar and Himansu S. Dash

32. Geometry-Based Dynamic Behavior of Functionally Graded Material under Fluctuating Loads
S. Vijay and Ch. Srinivasa Rao

33. Cost and Energy Effective Automatic Material Handling System for Small Scale Industry
S. G. Kumbhar, S. M. Teli, T. U. Mali, S. S. Shinde, A. K. Kumbhar, and P. M. Zende

34. A Survey on Application of a System Dynamic Approach in Supply Chain Performance Modeling
K. Jagan Mohan Reddy, A. Neelakanteswara Rao, and Lanka Krishnanand

35. Gel Casting of Si3N4-SiO2 Ceramic Composites and Evaluation Characteristics
Nagaveni Thallapalli and C. S. P. Rao

36. Experimental Investigation and Simulation of Split Injection at Different Injection Pressures in Compression Ignition Engine for Improving Emissions
Sudhir Girish Auti, Ashok J. Keche, Arun T. Autee, and Hanumant M. Dharmadhikari

37. Effective Mitigation of Nox Emissions from Diesel Engine with Split Injections
R Sindhu, G. Amba Prasad Rao, and K. Madhu Murthy

38. Combined Effect of Cylindrical Combustion Chamber Shape and Nozzle Geometry on the Performance and Emission Characteristics of C.I. Engine Operated on Pongemia
Mahantesh.M. Shivashimpi, S. A. Alur, S. N. Topannavar, and B. M. Dodamani

39. An Experimental Study on the Role of Diesel Additive and Biodiesel on Performance Emission Trade-Off Characteristics of a DI CI Engine
G. Ravi Kiran Sastry, Jibitesh Kumar Panda, Rabisankar Debnath, and Ram Naresh Rai

40. Study of Cycle-by-Cycle Variations for SI Engine using a Nonlinear Dynamic System Theory
Pawan Kumar Singotia, and Samir Saraswati

41. A Novel Experimental Study of the Performance and Emission Characteristics on a Direct Injection CI Engine under Different Biodiesel and Diesel Additive Fuel Blends
G. Ravi Kiran Sastry, Jibitesh Kumar Panda, Rabisankar Debnath, and Ram Naresh Rai

42. Production and Purification of Biogas from Biodegradable Waste
P. Sai Chaitanya, T. V. S. Siva, and K. Simhadri

43. An Experimental and Statistical Investigation of Density and Viscosity of Biodiesel and Diesel Blends
Sayyed Siraj and H. M. Dharmadhikari

44. Comparison of RSM, ANN, Factorial DoE and Fuzzy Logic Network for a Diesel Engine Performance Parameter and Emission Analysis
Pramod K. Tiwari, Atul G. Lodhekar, and Suhas C. Kongre

45. Modeling of Degree of Hybridization of Fuel Cell-Ultracapacitor for a Hybrid Sport Utility Vehicle
K. Venkata Koteswara Rao, G. Naga Srinivasulu, and Venkateswarlu Velisala

46. Computational Analysis of a Ceramic Regenerative Storage Air Heater for Hypersonic Wind Tunnel
S. Nagendra Babu, Sandip Chattopadhyay, D. R. Yadav, and G. Amba Prasada Rao

47. Effects of Velocity Slip and Temperature Jump on Heat Transfer Phenomena of Spherical Particles in Newtonian Fluids
Rahul Ramdas Ramteke and Nanda Kishore

48. Natural Convection around a Horizontal Cylinder Positioned Along a Circle Inside a Square Enclosure
Satyendra Kumar Pankaj, Harishchandra Thakur, and Praveen Choudhary

49. Numerical Investigation of Mixed Convection in a Lid-Driven Square Cavity With and Without Fin
Ashish Saxena, Ng Yin Kwee Eddie, Jaya Krishna Devanuri, Jalaiah Nandanavanam, and Parameshwaran Rajagopalan

50. Conjugate Natural Convection in an Enclosure with Different Boundary Conditions
Balesh Babali, Aswatha and K. N. Seetharamu

51. Computational and Experimental Studies on the Flow Arrangement over Flat Plates of Different Configurations
Sai Sarath Kruthiventi, Rayapati Subbarao, M. Cheeranjivi, and Md Abid Ali

52. Numerical Simulation of Natural Convection in a North Light Roof under Winter Day Boundary Conditions
B. M. Preetham, Aswatha, and K. N. Seetharamu

53. Numerical Analysis of Free Convection in Square Enclosure with an Inclined Heated Finned Plate
Praveen Choudhary, Harishchandra Thakur, and Satyendra Kumar Pankaj

54. Visualization of Thermal Transport in Complex Geometries with Discrete Heat Sources at Bottom and Left Walls
Narasimha Suri Tinnaluri and Jaya Krishna Devanuri

55. Numerical Simulation of Heat Transfer in Liquid Lithium Flow through Elliptical-Shaped Cylinder
Nagarjunavarma Ganna and Govind Nandipati

56. Performance Analysis of Air Water Heater by Using HFC Refrigerants
Ashok Bharati and Jagdeep Kshirsagar

57. Aqua Ammonia Based GUI Software for Design of Vapor Absorption Refrigeration System Utilizing Automobile Waste Heat for Air Conditioning Purposes
Monu Kumar and Amit Sharma

58. An Experimental Study of the Effect of Two-Phase (Air-Water) Flow Characteristics on Pipe Vibration at Atmospheric Conditions
S. R. Todkar, T. R. Anil, U. C. Kapale, and A. N. Chapgaon

59. Numerical Study of Equivalence Ratio and Swirl Effect on the Performance and Emissions of a HCCI Engine
T. Karthikeya Sharma, Dhanaraj Savary Nasan, G. Amba Prasad Rao, and K. Madhu Murthy

60. Computational Fluid Dynamics Study of Serpentine Flow Field Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) Fuel Cell Performance
Venkateswarlu Velisala and G. Naga Srinivasulu


About the Authors / Editors:
Editors: C. S. P. Rao, PhD
Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Warangal, India

C. S. P. Rao, PhD, is presently working as a Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the National Institute of Technology, Warangal, India. He has more than 30 years of teaching and research experience. He has authored two textbooks and has published around 250 research papers in national and international journals and conference proceedings. He has supervised more than 20 PhD candidates and guided about 100 postgraduate dissertations and about 50 undergraduate projects. Dr. Rao received the award of Engineer of the Year Award 2008 on the occasion of 41st Engineers Day Celebrations from the Government of Andhra Pradesh and the Institution of Engineers (India), AP State Center, as well as an award for Andhra Pradesh Scientist 2008 on the occasion of the National Science Day Celebrations from the Andhra Pradesh Council of Science and Technology (APCOST), Govt. of Andhra Pradesh. Dr. Rao was instrumental in establishing several manufacturing engineering related laboratories and has also held several administrative positions at the National Institute of Technology. He has organized and attended technical conference, seminars etc. Dr. Rao’s main area of expertise is manufacturing engineering. Other areas of interest include CAD/CAM, CIM, modeling and simulation, evolutionary computation, metal cutting and metal-matrix composites, and flexible manufacturing system.

G. Amba Prasad Rao, PhD
Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Warangal, India

G. Amba Prasad Rao, PhD, is a full Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the National Institute of Technology, Warangal, India. He has more than 26 years of teaching and research experience and has supervised eight PhD candidates and guided 24 undergraduate design projects and 40 postgraduate dissertations. He has published around 60 research papers in national and international journals and conferences. Dr. Rao has been reviewer for many journals. He has organized several short-term courses for faculty and also organized the prestigious 1st International and 18th National Indian Society of Mechanical Engineers conference. He has handled a good number of sponsored research projects. He has held many administrative positions at the National Institute of Technology, and at present he is also the Professor in Charge of Training and Placement at the Institute. He has attended many technical conferences, seminars, etc., in Indian and internationally and has given expert talks. His main areas of research include studies on internal combustion engines for improved performance with alternate fuels, emissions control, engine combustion modeling, and propulsion.

N. Selvaraj, PhD
Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Warangal, India

N. Selvaraj, PhD, is currently working as a Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the National Institute of Technology, Warangal, India. He guided seven PhD students and 28 undergraduate design projects and 56 postgraduate dissertations. He has published around 50 research papers in national and international journals. He is associated with senior faculty in the development of undergraduate and postgraduate laboratories. He also worked at various administrative positions at the National Institute of Technology. Dr. Selvaraj has organized and attended technical conference and seminars. His area of interest includes composite materials, modeling and simulation, flexible manufacturing system, computer numerical control technology, machine tools, and pull systems.

P. S. C. Bose, PhD
Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Warangal, India

P. Subhash Chandra Bose, PhD, is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the National Institute of Technology, Warangal, India. He has done extensive consulting and research in India on various aspects of machining processes to a tune of over $1 million US. He is associated with the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO), the Naval Research Board (NRB), and the Research Centre Imarat (RCI). He has written more than 30 articles on various fields of machining processes in national and international journals. He has been teaching manufacturing engineering and computer numerical control and AM technologies for postgraduate and undergraduate students for the past 13 years and has guided 50 undergraduate, 25 postgraduate, and six research students. He has pioneered five workshops and conferences at the national and international levels. He also actively participating the in administrative work at the Institute. Dr. Bose’s research interests include fabrication and machining of ceramic composites, machining of super alloys, computer numerical control technologies, optimization techniques, and additive manufacturing.

V. P. Chandramohan
Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Warangal, India

V. P. Chandramohan, PhD, is an Assistant Professor of Mechanical Engineering at the National Institute of Technology Warangal, India. He has been teaching at the Institute since 2013. His research contributions are in the field of convection and conduction heat transfer, drying and simultaneous solution of heat and mass transfer, ad solar energy and alternative fuels. He has 15 years of teaching and research experience. Dr. Chandramohan received his ME degree from Annamalai University, Tamil Nadu and his PhD degree from the Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi. He received the Dr. S. Sathik prize for first rank in the batch of 2002 of ME students from Annamalai University, Tamil Nadu.

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