Plant Science & Botany

Mangroves for Building Resilience to Climate Change
A Field Manual

R. N. Mandal, PhD
R. Bar, PhD

Mangroves for Building Resilience to Climate Change

In production
Pub Date: Sep 2018
Hardback Price: $149.95 US
Hard ISBN: 9781771887168
Pages: Approx 334p w/Index
Binding Type: hardback
Notes: 32 color and 116 b/w illustrations

“This field manual explains in simple terms what scientific research has revealed about the mangrove plants, their environment, and how the plants and the environment interact. It provides an up-to-date account of the mangrove plants, their detailed identification and associations, their specific habitat requirements and adaptations, their reproductive strategies, and the management requirements of these plants to ensure their sustainability and conservation in a period where climate change provides acute challenges to this group of plants. The authors bring unique expertise and the passion to convey the latest information about these fascinating plants, . . . thereby helping to reduce the threats that currently confront them.”
—From the Foreword by Peter Saenger, Emeritus Professor, Centre for Coastal Management, School of Environment, Science & Engineering, Southern Cross University, Australia

This valuable book, Mangroves for Building Resilience to Climate Change: A Field Manual, is a comprehensive volume on mangroves, with information accessible to both botany professionals and students. It provides an easy method of identifying mangroves and to distinguish one species from another. What is a mangrove and what are the criteria of mangroves are explained, along with explanations of distinctions among major mangroves, mangrove associates, mangrove halophytes, and back mangals. Over 150 photos and illustrations are provided, showing the visible features of mangroves. The volume also covers a range of other topics, including habitats and climatic conditions, morphological and reproductive features, how climate change is affecting mangroves and methods of mitigation and conservation.

This book is about mangroves, the intertidal coastal forests that struggle every moment against hungry tides because mangroves flourish at the interface zone of land and sea. Like an evergreen forest in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world, mangroves form definite coastal vegetation, providing protection to people living in such fragile zones against the occurrence of frequent natural calamities. Mangroves ignore the common rule of growing roots in soil; mangroves deviate by growing above the ground, against gravitation, inhaling air with their fellow stems.

Besides being home to many species of animals, birds, and fish, mangrove vegetation supports the economic foundation of many tropical coastal regions worldwide, with the contribution of at least US $1.6 billion per year through ecosystem services. The loss of individual mangrove species and associated ecosystem services has direct economic effect on human livelihoods, directly related to the loss of various economic fauna and indirectly leading to poor ecosystem services.

This book is prepared as a field manual with over 150 illustrations, including line drawings and photos of mangroves. It is a rich resource for students, teachers, foresters, researchers, and interested others looking for a handy reference for the identification of mangroves are unique coastal estuarine vegetation.

Key features:

  • Introduces important facts about mangroves: definition, early records of mangroves, categorization, and more
  • Looks at the distribution of mangroves worldwide along with features of mangrove habitats and climatic conditions
  • Describes the ecology and environmental conditions, particularly the concept of intertidal zones along estuary positions where tidal flows inundate mangroves
  • Discusses the distinct morphological attributes and reproductive phenology of major mangroves
  • Details the attributes of mangroves, covering a total of 78 species of intertidal flora, including 32 true mangroves, along with their diagnostic features, salient attributes, and illustrations for easy identification
  • Highlights the burning environmental issue of climate change and its impact on mangroves
  • Provides a variety of methods of restoration, conservation, and protection of mangroves

Foreword by Peter Saenger, Emeritus Professor, Centre for Coastal Management, School of Environment, Science & Engineering, Southern Cross University, Australia

1. Mangroves and Their History
Definition of Mangroves
An Overview
Features of Mangroves
Key to Genera of Major Mangroves

2. Distribution and Diversity of Mangroves
Distribution of Mangroves in the World
Features of Mangrove Habitats in the World
Mangrove Diversity in the World
Mangroves in India
E-Taxonomy in Nomenclature
E-Taxonomy in Nomenclature of Mangroves

3. Ecology and Succession of Mangroves
Intertidal Zone
Zonation and Inundation Class
Mangrove Habitats along Estuaries
Steps to Know the Position of Estuaries
Steps to Know the Zonation of Land Surface
Succession of Mangroves
Mangrove Associations
Habitats and Distribution of Mangroves
Classification of Structure of Mangrove Vegetation

4. Adaptation and Phenology of Mangroves
Salt Balance and Mangroves
Leaf and Stem Systems and Adaptations
Water Conservation and Xeromorphy of Mangroves
Root Systems and Adaptations
Reproductive Organs and Adaptations
Dispersal of Propagules
Reproductive Phenology

5. Classification and Identification of Mangroves
Identification of Species
Description of Major Mangroves
Description of Mangrove Associates
Description of Mangrove Halophytes
Description of Back Mangals

6. Mangroves’ Response to Climate Change and Management Options
Climate Change: An Overview
Importance of Mangrove Ecosystems
Effects of Mangrove Loss
Threats to Mangroves from Climate Change
Sea Level Rise
Mangroves to Cope with Climate Change
Dynamic Change in Mangroves over Geologic Time Scales
Managing Mangroves
Methods and Tools Used for Monitoring and Building Mangrove Resilience

7. Management and Conservation of Mangroves
The Values of Mangroves
Plantation Approach
Strategic Planning
Silviculture and Selection of Germplasm
Site Selection
Mangrove Ecological Parks
Know Your Mangroves

About the Authors / Editors:
R. N. Mandal, PhD
Principal Scientist, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture (ICAR-CIFA), Rahara, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

R. N. Mandal, PhD, is a Principal Scientist in the discipline of economic botany of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture (ICAR-CIFA), Rahara, Kolkata, West Bengal, India. Dr. Mandal received a Young Scientist Award for his outstanding work on mangrove ecology and diversity in 2001 by the Indian Science and Environmental Programme, Science Academy, Gorakhpur, India. He has also been selected as a life member by the National Environmental Science Academy, New Delhi, for his work on mangrove ecology and biodiversity. He has published a number of articles in refereed scientific journals as well as two books: Ecology and Biodiversity of Indian Mangroves (Vols. I and II); and Sundarban, written in Bengali vernacular language for introducing mangroves to common people. Dr. Mandal has been consistent visitor of the Indian Sundarban because of his fascination and love to mangroves. Dr. Mandal earned his MSc and PhD degrees in Botany from the University of Calcutta, India. His thesis was titled “Morpho-Anatomical Studies of Mangroves and Halophytic Algal Flora of the Sundarbans in West Bengal (India) with Special Reference to Their Ecological Adaptations.” He also worked on formulation of strategic planning for conservation of mangroves for the Indian Sundarban, in particular, in association with Dr. K. R. Naskar. During his PhD work, Dr. Mandal visited almost all known mangrove habitats of the east and west coasts of India and keenly observed their adaptive habits from an ecological perspective of coastal regions.

R. Bar, PhD
Assistant Professor, Department of Botany, Bangabasi Morning College, University of Calcutta, India

R. Bar, PhD, is an Assistant Professor of Botany and teaches students of botany at Bangabashi Morning College, University of Calcutta, India. He has been a frequent visitor to the Indian Sundarban to educate students on mangroves. He has published a few articles in refereed journals and has edited the book Sundarbans: Issues and Threats with Dr. K. R. Naskar. Dr. Bar earned his MSc and PhD degrees in botany from the University of Calcutta and the University of Kalyani, West Bengal, India.

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