Biology

Genetic Resources in the Omics Era
Editor: Kioumars Ghamkhar, PhD

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Genetic Resources in the Omics Era

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Genetic resource centres (GRCs) are very important in the food security era. Improvement programs in crops and forages began with using conventional breeding techniques, but the recent decade has witnessed tremendous advancement in the application of various molecular/genomic tools in practical plant breeding. This includes the germplasm improvement programs. This forthcoming book will present practical advancement in genomics, metabolomics, proteomics, and phenomics from the point of view of researchers/scientists working in the field of germplasm improvement for plant breeding and adaptation to a changing climate. Special attention will be given to exert a futuristic outlook as far as the germplasm improvement programs are concerned. In the book, the recent status of different omics research will be discussed in respect to food and industrial crops viz. wheat and camelina and forage legumes viz. species of clover and medics. Readers become acquainted with the current status of omics research in germplasm improvement. The target audience is researchers who are presently working in germplasm improvement and/or plant breeding.

The book will include:
A review of new molecular techniques for germplasm improvement
A review of genomic resources for many crops and pasture species
Interesting ideas for researchers in the field of proteomics and metobolomics
Valuable resources for researchers working on orphan species
Coverage of a whole range of agricultural crops and pasture species

CONTENTS:
Tentative contents
1. Genetic resources and their values (KG and WW)
2. Omics technologies for genetic resources: retrospects and prospects (KG and WW)
3. Genomics for germplasm improvement and adaptation (KG and WW)
a. Cereals:
i. Wheat breeding and germplasm improvement as an example (RA)
b. Gene synteny of environmentally friendly loci within the same family
i. The concept and use of model species (KG)
ii. Pasture legumes: Subterranean clover, M trucatula, Lucerne (KG)
iii. DNA markers for assisted selection in breeding (WW)
c. Orphan species:
i. developing new crops that may enhance water productivity in drought-prone environments (KG and WW).
1. camelina sativa (KG)
2. Cowpea and grain legumes (KG)
3. Incorporating genomics into the genetic resources (KG and WW)
4. Sequencing genomes and allele mining for germplasm improvement (Genotyping by Sequencing) (KG and WW)
6. Proteomics for germplasm improvement and adaptation (RA and SR)
a. Wheat (RA)
b. Ryegrass (WW)
7. Advances in metabolomics research for germplasm improvement and adaptation (SR)
a. Biserrula (SR and KG)
b. Ryegrass (WW)
8. Phenomics or quantitative precision phenotyping for germplasm improvement and adaptation
a. Subterranean clover (PN)
b. Use in future of phenomics techniques (KG)
9. A changing climate and adaptation: planning and designing the future germplasm collections
a. Use and efficiency of the technologies in future breeding (PN and WW)
i. Epigenetics (KG and WW)
1. New pest and diseases (PN)
2. Drought (PN and WW)
3. Salinity (PN and KG)
ii. Core collection/association mapping (KG and RA)
iii. New crosses to obtain information about genomic structure (WW)
iv. New collecting (PN)


About the Authors / Editors:
Editor: Kioumars Ghamkhar, PhD
Director, Margot Forde Forage Germplasm Centre, New Zealand; Adjunct Research Fellow, Plant Genetics and Breeding, Centre for (PGB), University of Western Australia, Australia




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