Biology

Environmental Engineering and Activated Sludge Processes
Models, Methodologies, and Applications

Editor: Olga Sánchez, PhD

Environmental Engineering and Activated Sludge Processes

Published. Available now.
Pub Date: May 2016
Hardback Price: $149.95 US
Hard ISBN: 9781771883887
E-Book ISBN: 9781771883894
Pages: 354pp w index
Binding Type: hardback
Notes: 63 b/w illustrations

This title includes a number of Open Access chapters.



The activated sludge process is one of the most versatile and commonly used wastewater treatment systems in the world. In the past, biological wastewater treatment based in activated sludge focused on removing organic matter and suspended soils, but nowadays wastewater treatment plants need additional requirements and technology to eliminate toxic metals, odors, nutrients and pathogens. This shift means environmental engineers must build new treatment plants and retrofit old ones to optimize the waste removal processes. In this compendium, the editor, an experienced and well-published scientist in the field, has brought together articles that relate to the new requirements, organized under these topic headings:
  • models and kinetics
  • process microbiology as it relates to the diversity of activated sludge
  • nitrogen and phosphorous removal
  • methane production
  • biofilm bioreactors
The contributors present case studies and research from eleven different countries around the world, offering a truly global and international perspective on this topic. The book is primarily intended for graduate and PhD students, but it will also be a valuable resource for environmental engineers, consultants, and other professionals who deal with activated sludge processes.

CONTENTS:
Introduction
Part I: Models and Kinetics
1. Experimental and Theoretical Approaches for the Surface Interaction between Copper and Activated Sludge Microorganisms at Molecular Scale
Hong-Wei Luo, Jie-Jie Chen, Guo-Ping Sheng, Ji-Hu Su, Shi-Qiang Wei, and Han-Qing Yu
2. A Novel Protocol for Model Calibration in Biological Wastewater Treatment
Ao Zhu, Jianhua Guo, Bing-Jie Ni, Shuying Wang, Qing Yang, and Yongzhen Peng
3. Sorption and Release of Organics by Primary, Anaerobic, and Aerobic Activated Sludge Mixed with Raw Municipal Wastewater
Oskar Modin, Soroush Saheb Alam, Frank Persson, and Britt-Marie Wilén
4. Removal Mechanisms and Kinetics of Trace Tetracycline by Two Types of Activated Sludge Treating Freshwater Sewage and Saline Sewage
Bing Li and Tong Zhang

Part II: Diversity of Activated Sludge and Process Microbiology
5. Evaluation of Simultaneous Nutrient and COD Removal with Polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) Accumulation Using Mixed Microbial Consortia under Anoxic Condition and Their Bioinformatics Analysis
Jyotsnarani Jena, Ravindra Kumar, Anshuman Dixit, Sony Pandey, and Trupti Das
6. Characterization of Pure Cultures Isolated from Sulfamethoxazole-Acclimated Activated Sludge with Respect to Taxonomic Identification and Sulfamethoxazole Biodegradation Potential
Bastian Herzog, Hilde Lemmer, Harald Horn, and Elisabeth Mu üller
7. Assessing Bacterial Diversity in a Seawater-processing Wastewater Treatment Plant by 454-pyrosequencing of the 16S rRNA and amoA Genes
Olga Sánchez, Isabel Ferrera, Jose M. González, and Jordi Mas

Part III: Nitrogen and Phosphorus Removal
8. An Efficient Process for Wastewater Treatment to Mitigate Free Nitrous Acid Generation and its Inhibition on Biological Phosphorus Removal
Jianwei Zhao, Dongbo Wang, Xiaoming Li, Qi Yang, Hongbo Chen, Yu Zhong, Hongxue An, and Guangming Zeng

Part IV: Xenobiotics
9. Bacterial Consortium and Axenic Cultures Isolated from Activated Sewage Sludge for Biodegradation of Imidazoliumbased Ionic Liquid
Marta Markiewicz, Joanna Henke, Anna Brillowska-Dabrowska, Stefan Stolte, Justyna Luczak, and Christian Jungnickel

Part V: Methane Production
10. Zero Valent Iron Significantly Enhances Methane Production from Waste Activated Sludge by Improving Biochemical Methane Potential Rather Than Hydrolysis Rate
Yiwen Liu, Qilin Wang, Yaobin Zhang, and Bing-Jie Ni
11. Towards a Metagenomic Understanding on Enhanced Biomethane Production from Waste Activated Sludge after pH 10 Pretreatment
Mabel Ting Wong, Dong Zhang, Jun Li, Raymond Kin Hi Hui, Hein Min Tun, Manreetpal Singh Brar, Tae-Jin Park, Yinguang Chen, and Frederick C. Leung

Part VI: Biofilm Bioreactors
13. Isolation and Molecular Characterization of Biofouling Bacteria and Profiling of Quorum Sensing Signal Molecules from Membrane Bioreactor Activated Sludge
Harshad Lade, Diby Paul, and Ji Hyang Kweon
14. Scenario Analysis of Nutrient Removal from Municipal Wastewater by Microalgal Biofilms
Nadine C. Boelee, Hardy Temmink, Marcel Janssen, Cees J. N. Buisman, and René H. Wijffels
Index


About the Authors / Editors:
Editor: Olga Sánchez, PhD
Departament de Genètica i Microbiologia, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain

Olga Sánchez received her PhD degree in Biological Sciences from the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (Spain) in 1996. Her research began with the study of the physiology of photosynthetic bacteria and went on to the utilization of complex microbial biofilms in packed reactors for the treatment of contaminated effluents. In 2007 she became an aggregate teacher at the Department of Genetics and Microbiology of the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, and presently, her investigation focuses on the application of molecular techniques for the characterization of the diversity of different natural microbial communities, such as marine environments or wastewater treatment systems. These methodologies include clone libraries, FISH (Fluorescence In Situ hybridization), fingerprinting techniques such as DGGE (Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis), and next-generation sequencing technologies. An active researcher, she has authored and coauthored more than forty research publications in the field of microbial ecology. She has also edited other compendium volumes.




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