Waste Management

Biological Treatment of Solid Waste
Enhancing Sustainability

Editor: Elena Cristina Rada, PhD

Biological Treatment of Solid Waste

Published. Available now.
Pub Date: September 2015
Hardback Price: $149.95 US
Hard ISBN: 9781771882798
E-Book ISBN: 9781771882804
Pages: 310 pp with index
Binding Type: hardback

This title includes a number of Open Access chapters.

Intended for a wide audience ranging from engineers and academics to decision-makers in both the public and private sectors, Biological Treatment of Solid Waste: Enhancing Sustainability reviews several technologies that will help communities manage solid waste sustainably, while at the same time generating energy, revenue, and other resources.

The book is divided into three topics:
• microbial technologies for solid waste treatment
• composting
• biodrying

Included within these larger topics are case studies and investigations into particular aspects of each, with attention paid to food waste, animal waste, municipal waste, and certain forms of industrial waste. The editor is an environmental engineer with an international reputation, and she has included here her own research studies as well as that of her colleagues, many of which have been presented at international waste management conferences. She concludes that our world can no longer afford to consider waste as something that can be discarded with no regard for future use. Instead, if addressed correctly through policy and practice, solid waste can become a valuable resource.

Part 1: Microbial Technologies
1. Management Options of Food Waste: A Review
F. Girotto, L. Alibardi, and R. Cossu
2. Effect of Increasing Total Solids Contents on Anaerobic Digestion of Food Waste under Mesophilic Conditions: Performance and Microbial Characteristics Analysis
Jing Yi, Bin Dong, Jingwei Jin, and Xiaohu Dai
3. Microbial Anaerobic Digestion (Bio-Digesters) as an Approach to the Decontamination of Animal Wastes in Pollution Control and the Generation of Renewable Energy
Christy E. Manyi-Loh, Sampson N. Mamphweli, Edson L. Meyer, Anthony I. Okoh, Golden Makaka, and Michael Simon
4. New Steady-State Microbial Community Compositions and Process Performances in Biogas Reactors Induced by Temperature Disturbances
Gang Luo, Davide De Francisci, Panagiotis G. Kougias, Treu Laura, Xinyu Zhu, and Irini Angelidaki

Part 2: Composting
5. Composting of Organic Fraction of Municipal Solid Waste: A Pilot Plant in Maxixe District, Mozambique
C. Collivignarelli, A. Perteghella, and M. Vacchari
6. Changes in Bacterial and Fungal Communities across Compost Recipes, Preparation Methods, and Composting Times
Deborah A. Neher, Thomas R. Weicht, Scott T. Bates, Jonathan W. Leff, and Noah Fierer
7. Effects of Bulking Agents, Load Size or Starter Cultures in Kitchen-Waste Composting
Norazlin Abdullah, Nyuk Ling Chin, Mohd Noriznan Mokhtar, and Farah Saleena Taip
8. Microbial Diversity of Vermicompost Bacteria that Exhibit Useful Agricultural Traits and Waste Management Potential
Jayakumar Pathma and Natarajan Sakthivel

Part 3: Biodrying
9. Criteria for Assessing the Viability of a Small Scale MSW Bio-Drying Plant Aimed at RDF Production for Local Use
E. C. Rada and M. Ragazzi
10. Technical and Economic Efficiency of Utilization of Biogas from Animal Waste for Energy Generation
E. Minciuc, R. Patrascu, M. Norisor, and D. Tutica
11. Potential of Bio-Drying Applied to Exhausted Grape Marc
Elena Cristina Rada and Marco Ragazzi

About the Authors / Editors:
Editor: Elena Cristina Rada, PhD
Professor, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Trento, Italy; Executive Editor,Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation

Elena Cristina Rada, PhD, is currently Professor in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of Trento, Italy, as well as Executive Editor of the Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation. She earned her master's degree in Environmental Engineering from the Politehnica University of Bucharest, Romania; she received a PhD in Environmental Engineering and a second PhD in Power Engineering from the University of Trento, Italy, and the Politehnica University of Bucharest. Her post-doc work was in Sanitary Engineering at the University of Trento, Italy. She has been a professor in the Municipal Solid Waste master’s program at Politehnica University of Bucharest and has served on the organizing committees of “Energy Valorization of Sewage Sludge,” an international conference held in Rovereto, Italy, and Venice 2010, an International Waste Working Group international conference. She also teaches seminars in the bachelor, master, and doctorate modules in the University of Trento and Padua and Politehnica University of Bucharest and has managed university funds at national and international level. Dr. Rada is a reviewer of international journals, a speaker at many international conferences, and the author or co-author of about a hundred research papers. Her research interests are bio mechanical municipal solid waste treatments, biological techniques for biomass characterization, environmental and energy balances regarding municipal solid waste, indoor and outdoor pollution (prevention and remediation) and health, and innovative remediation techniques for contaminated sites and streams.

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